Urang Cino Han

(Dialiahkan dari Banso Han)

Urang Cino Han,[34][35][36] Hanzu,[37][38][39] atau urang Han,[40][41][42][43] (UK /hæn/;[44] US /hn/;[45] (Cino)[46] or (Cino)),[47][48] adolah suatu kalompok etnis jo bangso Asia Timua nan marupoan panduduak asali Cino.[49][50][51][52][53] Kalompok etnis iko adalah nan tagadang di dunia, mancapai labiah kurang 18% dari populasi dunia.[54][55] Dipakiroan kini lai ado 1,3 milyar urang Cino Han, nan sabagian gadang tingga di Cino Daratan (kiro-kiro 91,6% dari populasinyo).[2] Di Taiwan, urang Cino Han mambantuak 95% dari populasinyo.[56][57] Urang bakaturunan Cino Han mancapai sakita 75% dari total populasi Singapura.[58]

Urang Cino Han
/
汉人/漢人
Total populasi
Labiah kurang 1,3 milyar[1]
Kawasan jo populasi nan signifikan
 Cino daratan 1.268.375.111[2]
Bendera Makau Makau 663.400[3]
Bendera Hong Kong Hong Kong 6.723.786[4]
Bendera Republik Cina Taiwan 23.575.365[rujuakan?]
Cino parantauan (dek katurunan)
 Thailand 9.392.987[5]
 Malaysia 6.650.009[6]
 Amerika Sarikat 3.795.007[7]
 Indonesia 2.833.134[8]
 Singapura 2.547.000[9]
 Myanmar 1.638.000[10]
 Kanada 1.469.000[11]
 Filipina 1.350.000[12][paralu sumber labiah rancak]
 Australia 1.214.000[13]
 Rusia 998.000[14]
 Vietnam 823.000[15]
 Japang 731.000[16]
 Parancih 700.000[14]
 Venezuela 450.000[17]
 Imperium Baritania Rayo 433.000[18]
 Peru 375.954[19]
 Afrika Salatan 350.000[20]
 Itali 334.000[21]
 Jerman 212.000[22]
 Korea Salatan 210.000[23][24]
 Kamboja 210.000[25]
 Laos 186.000[14]
 Spanyol 172.000[26]
 Selandia Baru 171.000[27]
 Brasil 152.000[14]
 Balando 145.000[14]
 Panama 135.000[28][29]
 Meksiko 70.000[30]
 Kosta Rika 19.000[31]
 Republik Irlandia 11.000[32]
Bahaso
Cino
Agamo
Sabagian gadang indak baragamo, Mahayana, kapicayoan tradisional Cino (tamasuak Taoisme, panyambahan laluhua, Konghucu, jo lain-lain), sarato minoritas mamaluak Kristen jo agamo-agamo lain.[33]
Kalompok etnis takaik
Urang Sino-Tibetan
Catatan kaki
Babarapo sumber marujuak urang Cino Han lansuang sabagai "Cino" atau mangalompokannyo jo urang-urang Sino-Tibetan.

Urang Cino Han mangaku baso asa niniak muyangnyo iolah dari Huaxia, suatu pasakutuan kalompok suku-suku patani nan iduik manatap di pasisia Sungai Kuniang (Huang He).[59][60] Istilah Huaxia bapakai untuak manggambaan pasakutuan suku-suku patani Hua jo Xia pado maso Neolitikum nan manatap di Dataran Tangah, yaitu sakita bagian tangah jo ilia dari aliaran Sungai Kuniang di utara Cino.[61][62][63][60] Kaduo suku itulah nan diakui sabagai niniak muyang dari urang Cino Han moderen nan kudian maasiakan kabudayaan Cino. Salain itu, istilah Huaxia (arati harafiah: "urang Xia nan beradab") bapakai sacaro kusuih untuak manyabuik kalompok-kalompok etnis nan dianggap beradab, untuak mambedoan jo kalompok-kalompok lain nan dianggap urang barbar nan bamukim di sakitanyo.[64][62][65]

Dinasti Han dianggap sabagai salah satu era gadang partamo dalam sajarah Cino, dek karano manjadian Cino sabagai kakuatan regional utamo di Asia Timur jo banyak mampangaruahi nagara-nagara tatanggonyo, bahkan sampai manyaingi Kakaisaran Romawi dalam ukuaran populasi jo laweh geografisnyo.[66][67][68] Gensi jo kaunggualan Dinasti Han mampangaruahi banyak kalompok Huaxia kuno untuak muloi manyabuik dirinyo surang sabagai "Urang Han".[64][69][70][71][72] Urang-urang Cino Han sajak itu manjadian namo dinasti iko sabagai namo etnisnyo, sarato uruf nan inyo pakai dinamoan juo "uruf Han".[66][73][71]

RujuakanSuntiang

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