Italia Dangai/ˈɪtəli/ (Italia [iˈtaːlja]), sacaro rasmi disabuik juo Republik Italia (Italia[note 1]), adolah sabuah nagari kasatuan babantuak republik parlementer di Eropa Tenggara. Sabalah utara, babateh jo Prancis, Swiss, Austria, dan Slovenia sapanjang Alpen. Sabalah selatan, marupoan bagian dari Semenanjung Italia, Sicilia, Sardinia–duo buah pulau nan laweh di Lauik Mediterania–dan pulau-pulau ketek lainnyo. Nagari merdeka San Marino jo Vatikan marupoan enclave dalam Italia, samantaro Campione d'Italia marupoan exclave Italia di Swiss. Wilayah Italia maliputi 301338 km2 (116347 sq mi) dan dipangaruhi dek musim sadang. Mamiliki panduduak 60.8 juta, manjadi nagari tapadek ka limo di Eropa dan ka 23 di dunia.

Republik Italia
Repubblica italiana
Lagu kabangsoanIl Canto degli Italiani  
Lagu Kebangsaan Italia

Lokasi  Italia  (dark green)

– di Eropa  (green & dark grey)
– dalam Eropa Basatu  (green)  —  [Legend]

Ibu kotaRoma
41°54′N 12°29′E / 41.900°N 12.483°E / 41.900; 12.483
Kota tagadang capital
Bahaso rasmi Italia[1]
Demonim Italia
Pamarentahan Unitary parliamentary constitutional republic
 -  Presiden Sergio Mattarella
 -  Perdana Mantari Matteo Renzi
Legislatif Parlemen
 -  Majilih Tinggi Panghulu Italia
 -  Majilih Randah Dewan Italia
Batagak
 -  Panyatuan 17 March 1861 
 -  Republik 2 June 1946 
Bagabuang ka UE 25 March 1957 (founding member)
Laweh
 -  Total 301,338 km2 (71st)
 -  Aia (%) 2.4
Panduduak
 -  Pakiroan 2011 60,813,326[2] (23rd)
 -  Sensus 2011 (preliminary results) 59,570,581[3] 
 -  Kapadatan 201.8/km2 (61st)
PDB (KKB) Pakiroan 2012
 -  Total $1.834 trillion[4] (10th)
 -  Per kapita $30,116[4] (29th)
PDB (nominal) Pakiroan 2012
 -  Total $1.980 trillion[4] (8th)
 -  Per kapita $32,522[4] (24th)
Gini (2006) 32[5] 
IPM (2011) 0.874[6] (very high) (24th)
Mato uang Euro ()2 (EUR)
Zona wakatu CET (UTC+1)
 -  Musim panas (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Lajua kamudi right
Ranah Internet .it3
Kode telepon 394
1 French is co-official in the Aosta Valley; Slovene is co-official in the province of Trieste and the province of Gorizia; German and Ladin are co-official in the province of South Tyrol.
2 Before 2002, the Italian Lira. The euro is accepted in Campione d'Italia, but the official currency there is the Swiss Franc.[7]
3 The .eu domain is also used, as it is shared with other European Union member states.
4 To call Campione d'Italia, it is necessary to use the Swiss code +41.

RujuakanSuntiang

  1. "Ethnologue report". Ethnologue.com. Diakses tanggal 30 October 2010. 
  2. "Monthly demographic balance: January 2011" (dalam bahasa Italian). Istat. 10 September 2011. Diakses tanggal 10 September 2011. 
  3. "Census 2011 - Preliminary Results Update". Istituto Nazionale di Statistica. Diakses tanggal 24 June 2012. 
  4. a b c d "Italy". International Monetary Fund. Diakses tanggal 10 October 2012. 
  5. "Distribution of family income – Gini index". CIA – The World Factbook. Diakses tanggal 9 July 2010. 
  6. "Human Development Report 2011" (PDF). United Nations. 2011. Diakses tanggal 5 November 2011. 
  7. "Comune di Campione d'Italia". Comune.campione-d-italia.co.it. 14 July 2010. Diakses tanggal 30 October 2010. 

NotesSuntiang

  1. In Italy, other languages have been officially recognised as legitimate autochthonous (regional) languages under the European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages. In each of these, Italy's official name is as follows:

Pautan luaSuntiang