Pabedaan antaro revisi dari "Masakan Minang"

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| date =
| accessdate = 2010-09-22
}}</ref> Hidangan nan alah tanamo lainnyo antaro lain [[dendeang]], [[randang]], [[Sate Padang|sate padang]], [[Soto Padang|soto padang]], [[pangek]], dan lain-lain.<ref name="RKMP"/> Biasonyo masakan ko disajikan basamo nasi putiah angek jo [[sambalado]] sebagai palamak makan.<ref name="JP-Padang">{{cite news
| title = By the way ... I just can’t live without Padang food
| author = Donny Syofyan
}}</ref>
 
Masakan Minang kini ko lah ditarimo dek masyarakaik laweh, dan restoran-restoran nan manjuanyo lahalah mudah ditamui di babagai tampek di Indonesia, bahkan sampai ka lua nagari.<ref name="RKMP">{{cite book
| title = Resep Komplit Masakan Padang
| first = Dewi | last = Nopianingsih
| year = 1987
| id = ISBN 9794610003, 9789794610008
}}</ref> Manuruik data Ikatan Warung Padang Indonesia (Iwapin), di Jakarta dan sakitarnyo sajo alah ado labiah dari 20.000 restoran atau warungkadai nasi Minang.<ref>{{cite book
| title = Sukses Bisnis Rumah Makan Padang
| first = Mila | last = Rachmawati
}}</ref>
 
== Daftar masakanEtimologi ==
Istilah "Masakan Padang" labiah umum dipakai di Indonesia dan nagara tetangga untuak marujuak pado saluruah jinih makanan tradisi Minangkabau, khususnya nan barasa dari Sumatera Barat. Namun, istilah ko surang jarang dipakai di Ranah Minang tu surang, sarupo di [[Bukittinggi]] &#x2014; pusek kuliner di Sumatera Barat dimano labiah katuju untuak manyabuiknyo sabagai ''Masakan Minang''. Iko dek karano banyak nagari di Minangkabau punyo kabanggaannyo kapado warisan kulinernyo, dan sacaro teknis pun ado pabedaan pulo antaro [[Nasi Padang]] jo [[Nasi Kapau]] nan dari Agam walau samo-samo masakan Minang.
Di bawah ko daftar artikel babarapo masakan, kue, atau edangan khas Minang:
 
== Rumah Makan Padang ==
* [[Asam padeh]]
[[Berkas:Minangkabau_cuisine_Bukittingi.jpg|jmpl|The ''hidang'' style Padang food served at Sederhana restaurant; all of the bowls of food are laid out in front of customer. The customer only pays for whatever bowl they eat from.]]
* [[Karupuak baguak]]
Di rumah makan atau restoran Padang, biasonyo makan lansuang jo ciek tangan. Basuah tangan atau ''kobokan'', sabuah mangkuak ketek barisi aia jo potongan limau nipih untuak pangarum tangan, diagiah ka palanggan sabalun makan. Aia ko bafungsi untuak mambasuah tangan sabalun atau sasudah makan, buliah pulo mamintak sanduak atau garpu.
* [[Karupuak Sanjai|Karupuak sanjai]]
{{Tarjamah}}
* [[Pinyaram]]
The cuisine is usually cooked once per day. To have ''[[Nasi Padang]]'' in restaurants customers choose from those dishes, which are left on display in high-stacked plates in the windows. During a dine-in ''hidang'' (serve) style Padang restaurant, after the customers are seated, they do not have to order. The waiter immediately serves the dishes directly to the table, and the table will quickly be set with dozens of small dishes filled with highly flavored foods such as beef [[rendang]], curried fish, stewed [[Greens (vegetable)|greens]], chili [[eggplant]], curried beef [[liver]], [[tripe]], intestines, or foot [[tendons]], fried beef [[lung]], fried [[chicken]], and of course, [[sambal]], the spicy sauces ubiquitous at Indonesian tables. Customers take — and pay for — only what they want from this array.<ref>{{cite web|url=http://padangbaycity.com/culture/a-unique-of-padang.html|title=A Unique of Padang|date=|publisher=Padangbaycity.com|archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20101214105024/http://padangbaycity.com/culture/a-unique-of-padang.html|archivedate=2010-12-14|deadurl=yes|accessdate=2010-09-22|df=}}</ref> The best known Padang dish is [[rendang]], a spicy meat stew. ''[[Soto Padang]]'' (crispy beef in spicy soup) is local residents' breakfast favorite, meanwhile ''sate'' (beef [[satay]] in [[curry]] sauce served with [[ketupat]]) is a treat in the evening.
* [[Randang]]
 
* [[Sate Padang|Sate padang]]
The serving style is different in ''[[Nasi Kapau]]'' food stalls, a Minangkabau [[Bukittinggi]] style. After the customer is seated, he or she is asked which dishes they desire. The chosen dishes will be put directly upon the steamed rice or in separate small plates.
[[Berkas:Minangkabau_dishes_in_Gandoriah_beach.JPG|jmpl|Some of Padang cuisine served in a beach stall in Gandoriah Beach, [[Pariaman]]. Dishes in coastal areas of West Sumatra is heavily influenced by sea productions, such as fishes and [[Prawn|prawns]].]]
There are myriad Padang food establishments throughout Indonesia and the region, according to ''Ikatan Warung Padang Indonesia'' (Iwapin) or Warung Padang Bonds. In greater [[Jakarta]] alone there are at least 20,000 Padang restaurant establishments.<ref>[http://www.kompas.com/kompas-cetak/0305/25/latar/331202.htm Harian Kompas, 25 May 2003] {{webarchive|url=https://web.archive.org/web/20090615154827/http://www2.kompas.com/kompas-cetak/0305/25/latar/331202.htm|date=15 June 2009}}</ref> Several notable Minangkabau [[Restaurant chain|restaurant chains]] are Sederhana, Garuda, Pagi Sore, Simpang Raya, Sari Ratu, Sari Minang, Salero Bagindo and Natrabu.
 
The importance of Padang food establishments (''[[warung]]'' or ''rumah makan'' Padang) for Indonesian workers' lunch break in urban areas, was demonstrated in 2016; when Jakarta municipal [[Civil service|civil servants]] demanded the raise of ''uang lauk pauk'' (food allowance, as a component of civil servant's salary), following the raise of ''[[Nasi Padang]]'' price in Greater Jakarta area.<ref>{{cite news|title=Gara-gara Nasi Padang, Belanja Negara Terpaksa Ditambah|date=5 October 2016|newspaper=Metro Batam|url=http://metrobatam.com/gara-gara-nasi-padang-belanja-negara-terpaksa-ditambah/|language=Indonesian}}</ref>
 
== Samba Makanan Utamo ==
[[Berkas:Restoran_Padang.JPG|jmpl|Salirik hidangan masakan Minang di jandela restoran Padang]]
Teknik [[Gulai|manggulai]], nan mamakai bahan-bahan tatantu; dagiang, ayam, itiak, sayua, ikan atau lauak, lalu diabuih lambek-lambek dan dimasak basamo santan, langkok-langkok, jo lado, alah manjadi tiangnyo tradisi mamasak di Minangkabau. Kuah gulai nan pakek kakuniangan dan padeh alah manjadi ciri khas tampilan jandela rumah makan Padang dimanopun. Di Minangkabau, disabuik santiang mamasak katiko alah pandai manyiapkan gulai. [[Randang]], [[asam padeh]], jo [[kalio]] marupokan variasi dari [[gulai]].<ref name="JP-Padang2" />
 
Samba masakan Minang biasonyo disajikan basamo nasi angek jo sambalado.
 
* '''[[Randang]]''', potoangan dagiang nan diabuih dalam santan jo lado, dimasak inggo kariang. Salain dagiang jawi atau kabau, ado pulo '''randang ayam''', '''randang itiak''', '''randang lokan''', jo jinih lainnyo nan buliah ditamui.
* '''[[Daun ubi tumbuk|Pucuak parancih]]''',
* '''[[Soto Padang]]''', soto dagiang
* '''[[Balado (food)|Sambalado]]''', lado nan lah ditumbuak, biasonyo dikacau basamo bahan utamo
* '''[[Sambal Lado Tanak]]'''
* '''[[Kalio]]''', samo jo randang; kok randang dibuek kariang, kalio dibuek basah jo agak tarang warnanyo
* '''[[Gulai Ayam]]'''
* '''[[Gulai Cancang]]''', [[gulai]] dagiang jo dalaman jawi
* '''[[Gulai Tunjang]]''', gulai tendon kaki jawi
* '''[[Gulai Babek]]''' atau '''Gulai Paruik'''
* '''[[Gulai Tambunsu]]''' atau '''Gulai Usus''', gulai usus jawi nan biasonyo diisi jo talua atau [[tahu]]
* '''[[Gulai Limpo]]'''
* '''[[Gulai Ati]]'''
* '''[[Gulai banak|Gulai Banak]] atau Gulai Utak'''
* '''[[Gulai Sumsum]]''',
* '''[[Gulai Gajeboh]]''',
* '''[[Gulai Itiak]]''',
* '''[[Gulai Talua]]''',
* '''[[Gulai Kepala Ikan Kakap Merah|Gulai Kapalo Ikan Kakap Merah]]'''
* '''[[Gulai Jariang]]''',
* '''[[Dendeang Batokok]]'''
* '''[[Dendeang Balado]]''',
* '''[[Palai]]''', [[pepes]] khas Minang
* '''[[Paru Goreng]]''', fried cow lung
* '''[[Asam padeh|Asam Padeh]]'''
* '''[[Ayam baka]]'''
* '''[[Ayam goreng]]'''
* '''[[Ayam Pop]]''', Ayam nan dikukuiih/abuih nan kudian digoreng. Kok ayam goreang biasonyo coklat kaamehan, ayam pop warnanyo tarang.
* '''[[Ikan Bilih]]'''
* '''[[Baluik goreng]]'''
* '''[[Balado (food)|Udang Balado]]'''
* '''[[Rajungan goreng]]'''
* '''[[Taruang Balado]]'''
* '''[[Patai Goreng]]'''
* '''[[Peyek udang]]'''
* '''[[Karupuak Jangek]]''', karupuak jangek jawi atau kabau
 
== Kudapan jo Kue ==
[[Berkas:Minang_snacks.JPG|ka|jmpl|Sapiriang kudapan Minang, biasonyo diidangan pado acaro baralek atau kumpua dunsanak.]]
Makanan nan biaso dimakan tanpa nasi, makan jo lontong atau katupek, tapai, atau lansuang dimakan.
 
* '''[[Sate Padang]]'''
* '''[[Martabak Mesir]]''' atau '''Martabak Kubang'''
* [[Katupek Pitalah|'''Katupek Pitalah''']]
* '''[[Pical]]'''
 
* '''[[Lamang]],''' campuran [[bareh katan]], [[santan]], jo [[pandan]] nan dimasak dalam batuang
 
* '''[[Tapai]]'''
* '''[[Dadiah]]'''
* '''[[Bubua Kampiun]]'''
* '''[[Bubua Kacang Padi]]'''
* '''[[Kolak Pisang]]'''
* '''[[Kolak Kundua]]'''
* '''[[Karupuak Jangek]]'''
* '''[[Karupuak Baguak]]'''
* '''[[Karupuak Sanjai|Karipiak Balado]]''' atau '''Karupuak Sanjai'''
* '''[[Rakik Maco]]'''
* '''[[Dakak-dakak]]''' atau '''Karupuak Ganepo'''
* '''[[Karak Kaliang]]'''
* '''[[Galamai]]'''
* '''[[Katan Sarikayo]]'''
* '''[[Lapek Bugih]]'''
* '''[[Pinyaram]]'''
* '''[[Sarabi]]'''
* '''[[Paragede Jaguang]]'''
* '''[[Kue sapik|Kue Sapik]]'''
* '''[[Batiah]]'''
* '''[[Bareh Randang]]'''
* '''[[Kipang Kacang]]'''
* '''[[Wajik]]'''
* '''[[Sarang Balam]]'''
* '''[[Bika]]'''
* '''[[Sala Lauak]]'''
 
== Minuman ==
 
* '''[[Teh Talua]]'''
* '''[[Dadiah|Ampiang Dadiah]]'''
* '''[[Es Tebak]]''', campuran [[pokat]], [[cubadak]], [[tebak]], diparuik jo es nan diagiah susu kental manih
* '''[[Kawa Daun]]'''
 
== Dalam Budayo Populer ==
 
* Film Indonesia ''Tabula Rasa'' (2014), mangambarkan keluarga Minang nan manjalankan usaho rumah makan Padang nan mampakarajokan [[urang Papua]] nan cinan manjadi pamain bola dan bajuang sabagai tukang masaknyo di Jakarta.<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.tabularasafilm.com/en/|title=Tabula Rasa - Official Site|work=LifeLike Pictures}}</ref><ref>{{cite web|url=https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qw79OUP08aE|title=Tabula Rasa (2014)|work=Youtube}}</ref>
 
== Rujuakan ==