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Ibnu Khaldun, atau namo langkoknyo Abu Zaid Abdurrahman bin Muhammad bin Khaldun al-Ḥadrami (bahaso Arab: أبو زيد عبد الرحمن بن محمد بن خلدون الحضرمي‎; lahia 27 Mei 1332 – maningga 19 Maret 1406 pado umua 73 taun) adolah surang ilmuwan Muslim Arab asa Ifriqiyyah (Afrika Utara)[1][2][3] nan disabuik-sabuik sabagai salah surang bapak sosiologi moderen,[n 1] sarato ahli dalam panulisan sijarah (historiografi), demografi,[n 1] jo ekonomi.[4][n 2] Kitab asia karya baliau nan tamusaua adolah Muqaddimah (atau Prolegomena dalam tajamahan bahaso Yunani). Kitab ko mambari pangaruah nan gadang kapado para ilmuwan maso saisuak, bahkan para ilmuwan Eropa abaik ka-19 sampai-sampai lah mamandang Ibnu Khaldun sabagai salah surang filsuf tagadang di Abaik Patangahan.[5][6]

RujuakanSuntiang

Catatan
  1. a b
    • "...regarded by some Westerners as the true father of historiography and sociology".[7]
    • "Ibn Khaldun has been claimed the forerunner of a great number of European thinkers, mostly sociologists, historians, and philosophers".Templat:Harv
    • "The founding father of Eastern Sociology".[8]
    • "This grand scheme to find a new science of society makes him the forerunner of many of the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries system-builders such as Vico, Comte and Marx." "As one of the early founders of the social sciences...".[9]
    • "He is considered by some as a father of modern economics, or at least a major forerunner. The Western world recognizes Khaldun as the father of sociology but hesitates in recognizing him as a great economist who laid its very foundations. He was the first to systematically analyze the functioning of an economy, the importance of technology, specialization and foreign trade in economic surplus and the role of government and its stabilization policies to increase output and employment. Moreover, he dealt with the problem of optimum taxation, minimum government services, incentives, institutional framework, law and order, expectations, production, and the theory of value".Cosma, Sorinel (2009). "Ibn Khaldun's Economic Thinking". Ovidius University Annals of Economics (Ovidius University Press) XIV:52–57
Catatan kaki
  1. Genealogy and Knowledge in Muslim Societies: Understanding the Past. Sarah Bowen Savant.
  2. Historical Dictionary of Yemen. Robert D. Burrowes.
  3. http://muslimheritage.com/article/ibn-khaldun-his-life-and-works
  4. Joseph J. Spengler (1964). "Economic Thought of Islam: Ibn Khaldun", Comparative Studies in Society and History, 6(3), pp. 268-306.
      • Jean David C. Boulakia (1971). "Ibn Khaldûn: A Fourteenth-Century Economist", Journal of Political Economy, 79(5), pp. 1105–1118.
  5. Bernard Lewis: "Ibn Khaldun in Turkey", in: Ibn Khaldun: The Mediterranean in the 14th Century: Rise and Fall of Empires, Foundation El Legado Andalusí, 2006, ISBN 978-84-96556-34-8, pp. 376–380 (376)
  6. S. M. Deen (2007) Science under Islam: rise, decline and revival. p. 157. ISBN 1-84799-942-5
  7. Gates, Warren E. (1967). "The Spread of Ibn Khaldûn's Ideas on Climate and Culture". Journal of the History of Ideas (University of Pennsylvania Press) 28 (3): 415–422. doi:10.2307/2708627. 
  8. Dhaouadi, M. (1 September 1990). "IBN KHALDUN: THE FOUNDING FATHER OF EASTERN SOCIOLOGY". International Sociology 5 (3): 319–335. doi:10.1177/026858090005003007. 
  9. Haddad, L. (1 May 1977). "A FOURTEENTH-CENTURY THEORY OF ECONOMIC GROWTH AND DEVELOPMENT". Kyklos 30 (2): 195–213. doi:10.1111/j.1467-6435.1977.tb02006.x. 
Bahan bacaan
  • Fuad Baali. 2005 The science of human social organization : Conflicting views on Ibn Khaldun's (1332–1406) Ilm al-umran. Mellen studies in sociology. Lewiston/NY: Edwin Mellen Press.
  • Walter Fischel. 1967 Ibn Khaldun in Egypt : His public functions and his historical research, 1382–1406; a study in Islamic historiography. Berkeley: University of California Press.
  • Ibn Khaldun. 1951 التعريف بإبن خلدون ورحلته غربا وشرقا Al-Taʻrīf bi Ibn-Khaldūn wa Riħlatuhu Għarbān wa Sharqān. Published by Muħammad ibn-Tāwīt at-Tanjī. Cairo (Autobiography in Arabic).
  • Ibn Khaldūn. 1958 The Muqaddimah : An introduction to history. Translated from the Arabic by Franz Rosenthal. 3 vols. New York: Princeton.
  • Ibn Khaldūn. 1967 The Muqaddimah : An introduction to history. Trans. Franz Rosenthal, ed. N.J. Dawood. (Abridged).
  • Mahmoud Rabi'. 1967 The political theory of Ibn Khaldun. Leiden: E.J. Brill.
  • Róbert Simon. 2002 Ibn Khaldūn : History as science and the patrimonial empire. Translated by Klára Pogátsa. Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó. Original edition, 1999.
  • Allen Fromherz. 2010 "Ibn Khaldun : Life and Times". Edinburgh University Press, 2010.
  • Ana Maria C. Minecan, 2012 "El vínculo comunitario y el poder en Ibn Jaldún" in José-Miguel Marinas (Ed.), Pensar lo político: Ensayos sobre comunidad y conflicto, Biblioteca Nueva, Madrid, 2012.