Ho Chi Minh

Ho Chi Minh (Hồ Chí Minh; / hoʊ tʃiː mɪn /;[1] bahaso Vietnam: [hò cǐ mīŋ̟] , dialek Saigon: [hò cǐ mɨ̄n]; Chữ nôm: 胡志明; 19 Mai 1890 - 2 September 1969), lahia Nguyễn Sinh Cung,[2][lower-alpha 1][4] lai disabuik juo jo namo Nguyễn Tất Thành, Nguyễn Ái Quốc, Bác Hồ, atau Bác sajo ('Paman', [ʔɓaːk̚˦˥]), adolah surang revolusioner jo politikus Vietnam. Inyo manjabaik sabagai Pardana Mantari Vietnam Utara sajak 1945 sampai 1955, sarato Presiden sajak 1945 sampai 1969. Ideologinyo iolah Marxis-Leninis, jo inyo manjabaik sabagai Katuo jo Sekretaris Patamo Partai Pakarajo Vietnam.

Hồ Chí Minh
Ho Chi Minh 1946.jpg
Poto Hồ Chí Minh, lk. 1947
Katuo Partai Pakarajo Vietnam
Manjabat
19 Pebruari 1951 – 2 September 1969
ManggantianJabatan baru
DigantianJabatan batiadoan
Sekretaris Patamo Partai Pakarajo Vietnam
Manjabat
1 Nopember 1956 – 10 September 1960
ManggantianTrường Chinh
DigantianLê Duẩn
Presiden ka-1 dari Republik Demokratik Vietnam
Manjabat
2 September 1945 – 2 September 1969
ManggantianJabatan baru
Bảo Đại (sabagai Kaisar)
DigantianTôn Đức Thắng
Pardana Mantari ka-1 dari Republik Demokratik Vietnam
Manjabat
2 September 1945 – 20 September 1955
ManggantianJabatan baru
Trần Trọng Kim (sabagai Pardana Mantari Kakaisaran Vietnam)
DigantianPhạm Văn Đồng
Mantari Lua Nagari
Manjabat
28 Agustus 1945 – 2 Maret 1946
ManggantianTrần Văn Chương (Kakaisaran Vietnam)
DigantianNguyễn Tường Tam
Manjabat
3 Nopember 1946 – Maret 1947
ManggantianNguyễn Tường Tam
DigantianHoàng Minh Giám
Anggota Politbiro
Manjabat
31 Maret 1935 – 2 September 1969
Profil pribadi
Lahia
Nguyễn Sinh Cung

19 Mei 1890
Kim Liên, Provinsi Nghệ An, Indocino Parancih
Maningga2 September 1969 (umua 79)
Hanoi, Vietnam Utara
Cause of deathGagal jantuang
MakamMausoleum Ho Chi Minh
Kabansoan
  • Vietnam
Partai politikSeksi Parancih dari Pakarajo Internasional
(1919–1921)
Partai Kuminih Parancih
(1921–1925)
Partai Kuminih Vietnam
(1925–1969)
Ubuangan
Urang tuo
Alma materUniversitas Kuminih Para Pakarajo dari Timur
ProfesiPolitikus
Tando tangan

Kaidupan Hồ Chí Minh sabalun inyo bakuaso di Vietnam indaklah jaleh. Inyo dikataui mamakai antaro 50[5]:582 inggo 200 namo samaran.[6] Kalahiaran jo kaidupan awanyo indak dapek dipastian sarato manjadi bahan padebatan akademis. Saindaknyo ampek biografi rasmi nan ado manunjuakan banyak variasi namo, tangga, tampek, jo fakta nyato lainnya, apolai biografi nan indak rasmi sangaik pulo bavariasi.[7]

Maso mudoSuntiang

Namo Hồ Chí Minh lahia adolah Nguyễn Sinh Cung,[2][lower-alpha 1][4] lahia pado taun 1890 di kampuang Hoàng Trù (namo kuil lokal dakek Làng Sen), yaitu kampuang amainyo. Walaupun taun 1890 sacaro umum dianggap sabagai taun kalahirannyo, pado babagai kasampatan inyo mamakai ampek taun kalahiran lainnyo:[8] 1891,[9] 1892,[10] 1894[11] jo 1895.[12] Sajak taun 1895, inyo tingga di kampuang apaknyo Nguyễn Sinh Sắc (Nguyễn Sinh Huy) di Làng Sen, kudian pindah ka Kim Liên, Nam Đàn, jo Provinsi Nghệ An. Inyo punyo tigo saudara kanduang: nan padusi Bạch Liên (Nguyễn Thị Thanh), juru tulih di Angkatan Darek Parancih; nan duo laki-laki Nguyễn Sinh Khiêm (Nguyễn Tất Đạt), tukang ramal jo ubek herbal; jo Nguyễn Sinh Nhuận nan maningga wakatu bayi. Samaso ketek, Cung (Ho) baraja ka apaknyo surang, sabalun malanjuikan labiah formal ka sarjana banamo Vuong Thuc Do. Inyo lai capek manguasoi tulisan Cino, nan jadi prasyarat untuak baraja Konfusianisme sacaro labiah serius, sambia pulo mangasah tulisan Vietnam untuak saari-ari.[5]:21 Salain baraja, inyo sanang batualang, bamain alang-alang, jo mamanciang.[5]:21 Sasuai tradisi Konfusianisme, apaknyo maagiah namo baru pado umuanyo nan ka-10: Nguyễn Tất Thành ("Nguyễn nan Barasia").

RujuakanSuntiang

  1. "Ho Chi Minh". Random House Webster's Unabridged Dictionary.
  2. a b Trần Quốc Vượng. "Lời truyền miệng dân gian về Hồ Chí Minh". BBC Vietnamese. Diakses tanggal 10 December 2013. 
  3. Vũ Ngự Chiêu (23 October 2011). "Vài vấn nạn lịch sử thế kỷ XX: Hồ Chí Minh—Nhà ngoại giao, 1945–1946". Hợp Lưu Magazine (dalam bahasa Vietnam). Diarsipkan dari versi asli tanggal 11 December 2013. Diakses tanggal 10 December 2013. Cat: Caliak dokumen dalam bahaso Parancih, dari Centre des archives d'Outre-mer [CAOM] (Aix)/Gouvernement General de l'Indochine [GGI]/Fonds Residence Superieure d'Annam [RSA]/carton R1, sarato catatan dalam bahaso Inggirih di akia artikel nan dirujuak 
  4. a b Nguyễn Vĩnh Châu. "Phỏng vấn sử gia Vũ Ngự Chiêu về những nghiên cứu lịch sử liên quan đến Hồ Chí Minh". Hợp Lưu Magazine. Diarsipkan dari versi asli tanggal 3 December 2013. Diakses tanggal 10 December 2013. 
  5. a b c Duiker, William J. Ho Chi Minh: A Life. New York: Hyperion, 2000.
  6. Duncanson, Dennis J. "Ho Chi Minh in Hong Kong 1931–1932". 57 (Jan–Mar 1957). The China Quarterly: 85. 
  7. Pike, Douglas (3 August 1976). "Ho Chi Minh: A Post-War Re-evaluation". Mexico City: 30th Annual Congress of Orientalists. Diakses tanggal 21 December 2017. 
  8. Tran Dan Tien, Nhung mau chuyen ve doi hoat dong cua Ho Chu Tich (Hanoi:Nha Xuat Ban Van Hoc 1972) (1948).
  9. Yen Son. "Nguyen Ai Quoc, the Brilliant Champion of the Revolution." Thuong Tin Hanoi. 30 August 1945.
  10. In his application to the French Colonial School – "Nguyen Tat Thanh, born 1892 at Vinh, son of Mr. Nguyen Sinh Huy (subdoctor in literature)"
  11. He told Paris Police (Surete) he was born 15 January 1894.
  12. Ton That Thien 18, 1890 is the most likely year of his birth. There is troubling conflicting evidence, however. When he was arrested in Hong Kong in 1931, he attested in court documents that he was 36. The passport he used to enter Russia in 1921 also gave the year 1895 as his birth date. His application to the Colonial School in Paris gave his birth year as 1892


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