Pabedaan antaro revisi dari "Ikan mas koki"

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Tag: Suntiangan sumber 2017
| species = C. auratus
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'''Ikan mas koki''' adolah sajinih ikan hias nan barasa dari nagara [[Republik Rakyaik Cino|Chino]]. Ikan nan mamiliki namo spesies ''[[C.auratus]]'' ko biasonyo dijadian sabagai hewan paliharaan akuarium. Ikan ko patamo kali ditaranakan sajak 1000 tahun nan lalu di nagara Cino zaman dulu. Katiko ikan ko dikawinan, anakannyo mamiliki ukuran badan, bantuak badan sarato warna nan baragam saparti kuniang, putiah, oranye, sirah, coklat jo itam.<ref>{{Cite web|url=https://www.gurupendidikan.co.id/ikan-mas-koki/|title=Ikan Mas Koki - Definisi, Jenis, Ciri, Memelihara, Oranda|date=2020-12-24|website=www.gurupendidikan.co.id|language=id-ID|access-date=2020-12-27}}</ref>
 
== Karakteristik ==
Ikan mas koki ko marupoan ikan nan barasa dari subspesies dari ''[[Carassius carassius]]'' atau ''[[Carassius gibelio]].'' Ikan mas koki kini adolah spesies dari ''C. auratus,'' nan marupoan hewan asli dari [[Cino Selatan]].<ref>{{cite journal|last=Wang|date=19 March 2013|pmc=3602300|pmid=23527220|doi=10.1371/journal.pone.0059571|pages=e59571|issue=3|volume=430|journal=PLOS ONE|first=Shu-Yan|title=Origin of Chinese Goldfish and Sequential Loss of Genetic Diversity Accompanies New Breeds|author7=Ya-Ping Zhang|author6=Yun Gao|author5=Chu-Ling Zhu|author4=Shi-Fang Wu|author3=Robert W. Murphy|author2=Jing Luo|bibcode=2013PLoSO...859571W}}</ref> Ikan mas koki bisa dikawin silangan jo spesies ikan [[Carassius carassius|''Carassius'']] laiinyo. Saroman jo [[ikan koi]] jo ikan ameh nan manghasilkan katuranan nan steril.<ref>{{cite web|url=https://nas.er.usgs.gov/queries/greatlakes/FactSheet.aspx?SpeciesID=508&Potential=N&Type=0|title=NOAA National Center for Research on Aquatic Invasive Species (NCRAIS)|last1=Laboratory|first1=NOAA Great Lakes Environmental Research|website=nas.er.usgs.gov|access-date=16 December 2020}}</ref>
 
=== Ukuran ===
Ikan mas koki mamiliki ukuran badan rato rato sapanjang 2,5 cm sampai 5 cm. Ikan ko di akuarium panjang maksimal nyo bisa mancapai 15 cm. Sadangkan di alam lia panjang ikan ko bisa mancapai 36 cm.<ref>{{cite web|url=https://www.livescience.com/11037-goldfish-grow-30-pounds.html|title=Can a Goldfish Really Grow to 30 Pounds?|last1=September 2010|first1=Remy Melina 10|website=livescience.com|language=en|access-date=16 December 2020}}</ref> Di [[Balando]] ado ikan mas koki nan tacatat mamiliki ukuran badan sapanjang 48 cm, sakaligus manjadian mas koki nan paliang gadang di dunia pado tahun 2008.<ref name="BBC17Apr2008">{{cite news|url=http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/england/kent/7352909.stm|title=Giant goldfish 'simply amazing'|work=BBC News|date=17 April 2008|access-date=17 July 2010}}</ref> Samantaro itu di [[Inggirih]] tadapek ikan mas koki nan mamiliki panjang 38 cm jo barek 0,91 kg nan majadian nyo nomor 2 ikan mas koki nan paliang gadang di dunia satalah ikan mas koki nan ado di Balando. Pado Juli 2010, ikan mas koki ditangkok di dalam salah satu kolam di Inggirih nan mamiliki panjang 41 cm jo barek 2,3 kg.<ref name="BBC15Jul2010">{{cite news|url=https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-england-10649008|title=Surrey schoolboy catches 5lb goldfish in Dorset lake|work=BBC News|date=15 July 2010|access-date=17 July 2010}}</ref> Rato-rato ikan ko iduik salamo 10 tahun.
 
=== Panglihatan jo pandangaran ===
Ikan mas koki mailiki 4 sel karucuik nan bisa mancaliak jo mambedakan 4 warna diantaronyo sirah,ijau,biru jo ultraviolet. Indra pandangaran pado mas koki baguno untuak marasoan partikel suaro jo mandeteksi takanan suaro.<ref name="Neumeyer">{{cite book|title=Sensory Processing in Aquatic Environments|url=https://archive.org/details/sensoryprocessin00bull|url-access=limited|last=Neumeyer|first=C.|editor=Collin, S.P.|editor2=Marshall, N.J.|chapter=Color Vision in Fishes and Its Neural Basis|year=2003|publisher=Springer-Verlag|location=New York|page=[https://archive.org/details/sensoryprocessin00bull/page/n253 223]|quote=In goldfish, as the best investigated fish species[...]}}</ref>
 
=== Kamampuan ===
Ikan mas koki mamiliki kamampuan sosial nan ancak, inyo dapek mambedaan satiok urang nan inyo caliak. Contoh nyo adolah katiko urang lain tibo abis tu malatakan tangannyo di ateh permukaan, mas koki akan pai ka permukaan karano nyo manganggap urang maagiah makanan. Sairiang waktu mas koki akan mamintak makanan ka pamiliknyo katiko lapa dan maagiah tando-tando supayo pemilik tau bahwasonyo inyo lapa. Dari segi ingatan hewan ko mamiliki ingatan nan ancak yoitu dapek meingek sesuatu salamo 3 bulan. Mas koki dapek dilatih untuak mangenali cahayo dari babarapo warna. Ikan ko marespon berbagai warna untuak mangenali makanannyo.<ref>Research by the School of Psychology at the [[University of Plymouth]] in 1994. Goldfish were trained to push a lever to earn a food reward; when the lever was fixed to work only for an hour a day, the fish soon learned to activate it at the correct time. See: {{Cite journal|date=July 1994|title=Temporal discrimination learning of operant feeding in goldfish|journal=Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior|volume=62|issue=1|pmid=16812735|pmc=1334363|pages=1–13|last1=Gee|first1=P|last2=Stephenson|first2=D|last3=Wright|first3=DE|doi=10.1901/jeab.1994.62-1}}</ref><ref>The [[Discovery Channel]]'s show ''[[MythBusters]]'' tested the contemporary legend that goldfish only had a memory span of three seconds and were able to prove that goldfish had a longer memory span than commonly believed. The experiment involved training the fish to navigate a maze. It was evident that they were able to remember the correct path of the maze after more than a month. [http://mythbustersresults.com/episode11 MythBuster Results: A goldfish’s memory lasts only three seconds]</ref>
 
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